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Public Health

Central to a Muslim’s consciousness is the awareness of the community they are part of. How should its health be safeguarded? Can the rights of an individual to live as they choose be balanced against the wellbeing of those around them?

This series will explore the deeper definitions of health and illness, and address the following questions:

  • What can Muslims contribute to the current public health debates surrounding healthy eating, alcohol consumption and drug misuse?
  • What is the legal ruling on smoking? Is sheesha viewed the same, or is it an exception? What about qaat, or paan?

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ABSTRACT
The field of medicine provides an important window through which to examine the encounters between religion and science, and between modernity and tradition. While both religion and science consider health to be a ‘good’ that is to be preserved, and promoted, religious and science based teachings may differ in their conception of what constitutes good health, and how that health is to be achieved. 

This paper analyzes the way the Islamic ethico-legal tradition assesses the permissibility of using vaccines that contain porcine-derived components by referencing opinions of several Islamic authorities. In the Islamic ethico-legal tradition controversy surrounds the use of proteins from an animal (pig) that is considered to be impure by Islamic law. As we discuss the Islamic ethico-legal constructs used to argue for or against the use of porcine-based vaccines we will call attention to areas where modern medical data may make the arguments more precise. By highlighting areas where science can buttress and clarify the ethico-legal arguments we hope to spur an enhanced applied Islamic bioethics discourse where religious scholars and medical experts use modern science in a way that remains faithful to the epistemology of Islamic ethics to clarify what Islam requires of Muslim patients and healthcare workers.

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