Organ transplantation is an effective therapy for the treatment of irreversible organ damage. The first successful transplant took place in the 1950s, and it has since advanced to become an effective and safe cure for many illnesses. It is considerably limited by the number of organs available and has thus been the subject of many national campaigns to increase the number of donors. Between 2010 and 2011, 7,797 people were on the transplant waiting list, whilst only 3,740 transplants occurred. Three people died every day as a consequence of this shortage³.
Organ donation is subject to a great deal of controversy amongst Muslims, and challenges several fundamental beliefs held by the faithful about the human body, including its inviolability and sacred nature⁴. This article reviews the diverse opinions Muslim scholars have expressed about organ donation, and allows lay Muslims to make a more informed choice on the matter.